Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5630 (F. Delgado et al.)

Local probe of fractional edge states of S=1 Heisenberg spin chains    [PDF]

F. Delgado, C. D. Batista, J. Fernández-Rossier
Spin chains are among the simplest physical systems in which electron-electron interactions induce novel states of matter. Here we show that the combination of atomic scale engineering and spectroscopic capabilities of state of the art scanning tunnel microscopy enables probing the fractionalized edge states of individual atomic scale S=1 spin chains. These edge states arise from the topological order of the ground state in the Haldane phase. We also show that the Haldane gap and the spin-spin correlation length can be measured with the same technique.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5630

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