Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5627 (Yin Zhong et al.)

Topological quantum phase transition in Kane-Mele-Kondo lattice model    [PDF]

Yin Zhong, Yu-Feng Wang, Han-Tao Lu, Hong-Gang Luo
We systematically explore the ground-state phase diagram of the Kane-Mele-Kondo lattice model on the honeycomb lattice, in particular, we focus on its magnetic properties which has not been studied in the previous publication[Feng, Dai, Chung, and Si, Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{111}, 016402 (2013)]. Beside the Kondo insulator found in that paper, two kinds of antiferromagnetic spin-density-wave phases are identified. One is the normal antiferromagnetic spin-density-wave state and the other is a nontrivial topological antiferromagnetic spin-density-wave state with a quantized spin Hall conductance and a helical edge-state. The quantum spin Hall insulator is found to be absent since it is always unstable to antiferromagnetic spin-density-wave states at least at the mean-field level in our model. Furthermore, the transition between the two spin-density-wave phases are topological quantum phase transition described by the three-dimensional quantum electrodynamics, in which conduction electrons contribute to the low-energy Dirac fermions while the spin-wave fluctuation of local spins gives rise to an effective dynamic U(1) gauge-field. Such nontrivial transition shows radical critical thermodynamic, transport and single-particle behaviors, which provide a fingerprint for this transition. Additionally, the transition of antiferromagnetic spin-density-wave states to the Kondo insulator is found to be first-order. The introduction of two novel magnetic phases and their topological quantum phase transition show rich and intrinsic physics involving in the Kane-Mele-Kondo lattice model.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5627

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