Wednesday, July 3, 2013

1307.0195 (Parijat Dey et al.)

Zero sound in strange metals with hyperscaling violation from holography    [PDF]

Parijat Dey, Shibaji Roy
Hyperscaling violating `strange metal' phase of heavy fermion compounds can be described holographically by probe D-branes in the background of a Lifshitz space-time (dynamical exponent $z$ and spatial dimensions $d$) with hyperscaling violation (corresponding exponent $\theta$). Without the hyperscaling violation, strange metals are known to exhibit zero sound mode for $z<2$ analogous to the Fermi liquids. In this paper, we study its fate in the presence of hyperscaling violation and find that in this case the zero sound mode exists for $z < 2(1+|\theta|/d)$, where the positivity of the specific heat and the null energy condition of the background dictate that $\theta<0$ and $z\geq 1$. However, for $z \geq 2(1+|\theta|/d)$, there is no well-defined quasiparticle for the zero sound. The systems behave like Fermi liquid for $2|\theta|=dz$ and like Bose liquid for $2|\theta| = qdz$ (where $q$ is the number of spatial dimensions along which D-branes are extended in the background space), but in general they behave as a new kind of quantum liquid. We also compute the AC conductivity of the systems and briefly comment on the results.
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