Thursday, August 1, 2013

1307.8337 (F. Michaud et al.)

Phase diagram of the spin-1 Heisenberg model with three-site
interactions on the square lattice

F. Michaud, F. Mila
We study the spin S=1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the square lattice with, in addition to the nearest-neighbor interaction, a three-site interaction of the form (S_i S_j)*(S_j S_k) + h.c.. This interaction appears naturally in a strong coupling exansion of the two-orbital, half-filled Hubbard model. For spin 1/2, this model reduces to a Heisenberg model with bilinear interactions up to third neighbors, with a second-neighbor interaction twice as large the third-neighbor one, a very frustrated model with an infinite family of helical classical ground states in a large parameter range. Using a variety of analytical and numerical methods, we show that the spin-1 case is also very frustrated, and that its phase diagram is even richer, with possibly the succession of seven different phases as a function of the ratio of the three-site interaction to the bilinear one. The phases are either purely magnetic phases with collinear order, or of mixed magnetic and quadrupolar character with helical order.
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