Thursday, August 1, 2013

1307.8328 (B. Brun et al.)

Scanning gate control over conductance anomalies in a quantum point

B. Brun, F. Martins, S. Faniel, B. Hackens, A. Cavanna, C. Ulysse, A. Ouerghi, U. Gennser, D. Mailly, S. Huant, V. Bayot, M. Sanquer, H. Sellier
Electron transport through quantum point contacts (QPCs) not only reveals the wave-like nature of electrons but also probes how particles interact with each other. When gradually opening, this quasi one-dimensional ballistic constriction in a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) exhibits conductance plateaus at integer multiples of the conductance quantum G_0 = 2e^2/h, as well as an additional striking feature around 0.7 G_0. With lowering temperature, this "0.7 anomaly" shades off and a "zero-bias anomaly" (ZBA) emerges. Although the link between these structures remains an open question, both are thought to arise from Coulomb interactions that are often challenging to tackle. Here we perform scanning probe microscopy to tune in situ the potential experienced by electrons in the QPC. This produces an oscillatory splitting of the ZBA with tip position, correlated with simultaneous appearances of the 0.7 anomaly, thereby revealing that both features share a common origin. We interpret our findings by a many-body correlated state formed by a tip-controllable number of localized charges. This state behaves in two different ways depending on charge parity.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment