Tuesday, July 9, 2013

1307.2147 (Hao Shi et al.)

Symmetry in Auxiliary-Field Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations    [PDF]

Hao Shi, Shiwei Zhang
We show how symmetry properties can be used to greatly increase the accuracy and efficiency in auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (AFQMC) calculations of electronic systems. With the Hubbard model as an example, we study symmetry preservation in two aspects of ground-state AFQMC calculations, the Hubbard-Straonovich transformation and the form of the trial wave function. It is shown that significant improvement over state-of-the-art calculations can be achieved. In unconstrained calculations, the implementation of symmetry often leads to shorter convergence time and much smaller statistical errors, thereby a substantial reduction of the sign problem. Moreover, certain excited states become possible to calculate which are otherwise beyond reach. In calculations with constraints, the use of symmetry can reduce the systematic error from the constraint. It also allows release-constraint calculations, leading to essentially exact results in many cases. Detailed comparisons are made with exact diagonalization results. Accurate ground-state energies are then presented for larger system sizes in the two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.2147

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