Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5671 (Wei Li et al.)

Identifying Symmetry-Protected Topological Order by Entanglement Entropy    [PDF]

Wei Li, Andreas Weichselbaum, Jan von Delft
According to the classification using projective representations of the SO(3) group, there exist two topologically distinct gapped phases in spin-1 chains. The symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phase possesses half-integer projective representations of the SO(3) group, while the trivial phase possesses integer linear representations. In the present work, we implemente non-Abelian symmetries in the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method, allowing us to keep track of (and also control) the virtual bond representations, and to readily distinguish the SPT phase from the trivial one by evaluating the multiplet entanglement spectrum. In particular, using the entropies $S^I$ ($S^H$) of integer (half-integer) representations, we can define an entanglement gap $G = S^I - S^H$, which equals 1 in the SPT phase, and -1 in the trivial phase. As application of our proposal, we study the spin-1 models on various 1D and quasi-1D lattices, including the bilinear-biquadratic model on the single chain, and the Heisenberg model on a two-leg ladder and a three-leg tube. Among others, we confirm the existence of an SPT phase in the spin-1 tube model, and reveal that the phase transition between the SPT and the trivial phase is a continuous one. The transition point is found to be critical, with conformal central charge $c=2$ determined by fits to the block entanglement entropy.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5671

No comments:

Post a Comment