Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5396 (Nicola A. Spaldin et al.)

The macroscopic monopolization in diagonal magnetoelectrics    [PDF]

Nicola A. Spaldin, Michael Fechner, Eric Bousquet, Alexander Balatsky, Lars Nordström
We develop the formalism of the macroscopic monopolization -- that is the monopole moment per unit volume -- in periodic solids, and discuss its relationship to the diagonal magnetoelectric effect. For the series of lithium transition metal phosphate compounds we use first-principles density functional theory to calculate the contributions to the macroscopic monopolization from the global distribution of magnetic moments within the unit cell, as well as from the distribution of magnetization around the atomic sites. We find one example within the series (LiMnPO$_4$) that shows a macroscopic monopolization corresponding to a ferromonopolar ordering consistent with its diagonal magnetoelectric response. The other members of the series (LiMPO$_4$, with M = Co, Fe and Ni) have zero net monopolization but have antiferromonopolar orderings that should lead to $q$-dependent diagonal magnetoelectric effects
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5396

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