Wednesday, July 31, 2013

1307.7953 (Luyang Wang et al.)

Unconventional superconductivity in a two-dimensional repulsive gas of
fermions with spin-orbit coupling

Luyang Wang, Oskar Vafek
We investigate the superconducting instability of a two-dimensional repulsive fermion gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling $\al_R$. Using renormalization group approach, we find the superconducting transition temperature as a function of the dimensionless ratio $\Theta={1}{2}m\al_R^2/E_F$ where $E_F=0$ when the smaller Fermi surface shrinks to a (Dirac) point. The general trend is that superconductivity is enhanced as $\Theta$ increases, but in an intermediate regime $\Theta\sim0.1$, a dome-like behavior appears. At a very small value of $\Theta$, the angular momentum channel $j_z$ in which superconductivity occurs is quite high. With increasing $\Theta$, $j_z$ decreases with a step of 2 down to $j_z=6$, after which we find the sequence $j_z=6, 4, 6, 2$, the last value of which continues to $\Theta\rightarrow\infty$. In an extended range of $\Theta$, the superconducting gap predominantly resides on the large Fermi surface, while Josephson coupling induces a much smaller gap on the small Fermi surface. Below the superconducting transition temperature, we apply mean field theory to derive the self-consistent equations and find the condensation energies. The state with the lowest condensation energy is an unconventional superconducting state which breaks time reversal symmetry, and in which singlet and triplet pairings are mixed. In general, these states are topologically nontrivial, and the Chern number of the state with total angular momentum $j_z$ is $C=2j_z$.
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